Virtual PPA (V-PPA)

The buyer agrees to purchase power indirectly from a renewable project and settles that contract outside their agreements with electricity retailers.


1. Indirect Billing

Billing is completed by a contract for differences so the production and consumption do not have to match in real time.

2. Grid Exposure

The buyer will have to manage exposure to the grid-sourced electricity as well as the grid-sold electricity from the renewable project.

3. Lowest Cost

Production from efficient, scaled off-site developments reduce the cost / kWh and can match all facility consumption.

4. Less Visibility

Without assets on the roof, it requires more marketing prowess to draw awareness to the effort.

Settlement Mechanics


Fixed Price Contract (CFD) - Wholesale Electricity Price = Contract Settlement Cost

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